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Ján Čarnogurský

Ján Čarnogurský.

Former Slovak politician, a former Prime Minister of Slovakia (1991–1992) and the former chairman of the Christian Democratic Movement (1990–2000). He participated in the CIS-EMO observation missions for presidential elections in Ukraine in 2010, local and regional elections in Ukraine in 2010, etc.

He studied Law at the Charles University in Prague (graduation in 1969) and at the Comenius University in Bratislava (Doctor's title in 1971).

From 1970 to 1981, first he was active as a junior attorney-at-law, then as an attorney-at-law in Bratislava, and was member of a section of the Center of Czech and Slovak attorneys-at-law. In 1981, he was deprived of his attorney-at-law licence by the Communist authorities, because he had defended a person in a political process. However, he continued to provide legal advice to opposition (Charta 77) and religious activists.

Shortly before the Velvet Revolution, on August 14, 1989, he was imprisoned and released only after the collapse of the Communist regime through a presidential amnesty on November 25, 1989. From December 1989 to April 1990 he was the first vice-prime minister, since April to June 1990 the vice-prime minister of Czechoslovakia. He was a co-founder and, since February 1990, the chairman of the Christian Democratic Movement of Slovakia. Since the Christian Democratic Movement was Slovakia's second largest party after the Slovak parliamentary election, 1990, Čarnogurský became the vice-prime minister of Slovakia and in June 1990. After the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia split from the Public against Violence, i.e. from the party that had won the 1990 elections, Čarnogurský took over the post of the prime minister of Slovakia in April 1991.

After the 1998 election he was the Minister of Justice of Slovakia from 1998 to 2002.